Linings or Liners or OZan

         Linings or liner or ozan, can come in all types, sizes and materials.  These materials can be canvas, natural muslin, calico patterned cloth, and brain tan or commercial hides.  The original linings              were probably a robe of buffalo, elk or some type of hide put up on the interior of the tipi to keep cold wind off the back.  As tipis got larger and more elaborate, liners became more tailored to fit the                 angles and number of poles.  Today we have two types of linings, the pole liner which is attached directly to the pole (top and bottom) and the rope liner. These are attached to a rope about 5 to 6 feet              above the floor space which is wrapped around the poles.  The bottom on the same liner  is attached to pegs or another rope  wrapped around the butts of the same tipi pole.  There seems to be several      ways and combinations to putting up a lining.  However you choose to put yours up, they add to the beauty and mystery of the lodge.

       Main purpose of the lining, if used,  is to reduce the draft on your back and to keep out the cold air in the winter.  Privacy is was not a main option as women and men dressed in front of each other until the coming of the Missionaries.  So "privacy" curtains the term we may use today, is a new concept.  

       Owners today often the decorate the linings in bold style with pictographic drawings or the geometrics of the parflech/ rawhide box designs.

*Pegging down linings and covers

Modern Tipi Liners

Durkinl3.jpg (52948 bytes)

Durkin/Wood

 

lining17.jpg (37645 bytes)

Holley/Holley

 

Linsu2.jpg (83917 bytes)

Minor

Linsus.jpg (81263 bytes)

Minor

Img14a.jpg (39223 bytes)

Img24a.jpg (32893 bytes)

Belitz/Belitz

 

Img22a.jpg (20911 bytes)Belitz

 

 lin8.jpg (155013 bytes)

 lin7.jpg (143404 bytes)

lin6.jpg (92096 bytes) 

 lin5.jpg (96647 bytes)

 

 lin3.jpg (93027 bytes)

Ralph West/Holley

 

 lin4.jpg (114451 bytes)

Frank Ward/Holley

 

 lin1.jpg (148079 bytes)

 lining14.jpg (148646 bytes)

lined1.jpg (106920 bytes) 

detorres/Holley

 

 lined2.jpg (106893 bytes)

detorres/Holley

 

 lined3.jpg (95567 bytes)

detorres/Holley

 

 linbebe.jpg (98663 bytes)

Bebee/Holley

 

 linacorn.jpg (140464 bytes)

Acorn/Wood

 

linhlylft.jpg (251092 bytes)

Holley/Holley

 

linhlycent.jpg (116306 bytes)

Holley/Holley

 

linhlyrt.jpg (253257 bytes)

Holley/Holley

 

linranch.jpg (147367 bytes)

Knight/Holley

 

Albion Canvas-England

 

linstv3.jpg (255696 bytes)

Jarrard/Spring Valley

 

linstvcent.jpg (130184 bytes)

Jarrard

 

linstv1.jpg (256016 bytes)

Jarrard

 

lintexas.jpg (103046 bytes)

Walskie/Collins

 

canadianliner.jpg (164423 bytes)

Canadian

 

lner1.jpg (105304 bytes)

Nomadics/Nomadics

 

lintuggle.jpg (106146 bytes)

Tuggle/Nomadics

 

lintuggle2.jpg (114328 bytes)

Tuggle/Nomadics

 

Czech tipi

 

linwest2.jpg (96603 bytes)

John Pat West/Collins

 

Czech

 

 

 

 

Nomadics

Nomadics

Nomadics

 

Czech Interior

 

 

       
         

Traditional tipi liners

beadedchyl2.jpg (125876 bytes)

Cheyenne beaded liner

 

beadedchyl1.jpg (130913 bytes)

Cheyenne beaded liner, Cody

 

lincrow.jpg (277631 bytes)

Crow

 

arapaho1.jpg (292872 bytes)

Arapaho

 

beaddirec.jpg (381096 bytes)

Directions beaded Cheyenne liner

 

lincrow2.jpg (261784 bytes)

Crow

Nakota hide lining-Peabody.JPG (90160 bytes)

Nakota hide lining-

Peabody

 

b.inside.jpg (191655 bytes)

 Sioux1880. Notice short lining tied to poles.

ansmail6.jpg (632810 bytes)

Cheyenne

 

a.cheylin.jpg (591716 bytes)

FourWinds Trading Co

Cheyenne hide lining.jpg (108845 bytes)

Cheyenne

 

Cheyenne hide lining2.jpg (98861 bytes)

Cheyenne

 

crowtipi1.jpg (74838 bytes)

Crow 

 

Hide lining.jpg (120157 bytes)

Hide

 

siouxlining 33.jpg (69180 bytes)

Sioux

 

lin9old.jpg (149120 bytes)

Blackfoot tipi of Crazy
Dogs, the man with the gun in center is chief White
Grass, photo by W. McClintock

 

linbeded.jpg (100019 bytes)

Cody

 

linbededint.jpg (108068 bytes)

Denver

 

lindenver.jpg (115454 bytes)

Denver

 

linleathbkft.jpg (116523 bytes)

Denver

 

Tipi interior Glenbow mus.jpg (38442 bytes)

Interior of tipi at the Glenbow Museum

Flathead tipi interior.jpg (240618 bytes)

Flathead

interior of a flathead tipi 1905.jpg

Flathead

Blackfoot interior 3.JPG (37078 bytes)

Blackfoot-Curtis

 

   *

blackfeetliner3.jpg (107468 bytes)*

Blackfeet

blackfootline2.jpg (129897 bytes)*

Blackfoot

blackfootliner.jpg (123369 bytes)*

Blackfeet

cowieliner.JPG (127144 bytes)

Cowie-Peabody

*

 

 

*Cheyenne

   

                                    *National Museum of the American Indian

 

mailto:tipisholley@yahoo.com